What is a Full Stack Developer? Types, Difference, Pros & Cons

What is a Full Stack Developer

Do you know what is a full stack developer? Unlock the power of Full Stack Web Development and get ready to dive into the world of Full Stack Development. You can become a coding master capable of building both the front-end and back-end of amazing web applications! 

What Is Full Stack Developer?

To simply define, full stack refers to the front end development and back end development of a website. The front end involves the parts of the website that users can see. Whereas backend is related to the software and databases that makes the working of a website functional.

Nowadays the increased use of technology has led to the increased demands of websites. But the development of an efficient website is not that easy. You need skilled software developers for it. A full stack developer is basically the one who can handle all the aspects of a website. From designing and implementing the user interface to managing databases, it’s a full stack developers duty to handle all.  

What Does A Full Stack Developer Do?

Full stack developers possess a broad spectrum of responsibilities, encompassing various aspects of website development. Their expertise lies in constructing websites with a robust internal framework and delivering clients with an engaging and user-friendly interface. These professionals actively participate in all stages of a product’s lifecycle, starting from its initial inception to the ultimate launch. 

The average salary for a full stack developer in the US is about $85,469. An extensive comprehension of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript is essential for a full stack developer, coupled with proficiency in backend technologies and database structures. 

Skills Of A Full Stack Developer

There are many soft skills that a Full Stack Developer should have. But to simply explain the main developer skills that a person should possess are as follows:  

Front End Development: 

A Full Stack Developer should be proficient in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. This also includes javascript frameworks like React. Front end is basically the client side that should be visually appealing and have interactive user interfaces   

Back End Development: 

Back end involves managing the server side. That is why a strong understanding of programming languages like Java, Python, Ruby, or PHP is required. Backend includes all the code that runs on the server side like APIs and applications. 

Database Management: 

A full stack developer should be able to create and manage databases efficiently. Full Stack Developers are skilled in working with databases like MySQL, MongoDB, or PostgreSQL.    

Web Architecture and APIs:

A full stack developer should have a solid understanding of web architecture principles. He should be able to design and develop scalable and efficient web APIs that facilitate communication between different components of a web application.

Communication and Collaboration: 

Communication and are skills that are required in any field. A full stack developer should be able to effectively communicate and collaborate within and cross functional teams. This includes working closely with designers, project managers, and other developers to ensure successful project delivery.  

Problem Solving Skills: 

Possessing strong analytical and problem solving skills is a must thing that a full stack developer should have. A full stack developer should be able to efficiently identify and debug issues and optimize performance as well.   

What Is Frontend & Backend Web Development?

Now you must have an idea of what is a full stack developer. The next thing you need to know is about Frontend & Backend Web Development. Both types are defined below: 

Frontend Web Development 

Front-end web development refers to the process of creating the user-facing part of a web application, with a primary focus on providing an optimal user experience. 

Full Stack Developers, keeping user interaction and user experience in mind, build  websites that are intuitive and easy to navigate. Their main responsibility in front-end development is to design and implement the visual elements of the application. 

Front-end development involves concentrating on various elements, including:

  • Animations
  • Images
  • Responsive Design
  • Content organization
  • Browser compatibility 
  • Graphics
  • Layouts
  • Navigation
  • Accessibility 

Backend Web Development

Backend web development refers to the process of building a server side website. Users can’t see or interact with it. The work of a backend developer is to write codes that can create communication between the database and the browser. This helps ensure that the site is working properly and efficiently. during the development of backend developers focus on:

  • Data Management
  • Building the code
  • Server-Side Logic
  • API Development
  • Performance Optimization
  • Security Measures
  • Debugging or troubleshooting the website 
  • Server Deployment and Maintenance
  • Architecture

Difference Between Frontend and Backend

The above topics have explained what is a full stack developer. A general overview is given in the above paragraphs. Now we will discuss the differences between Frontend and Backend. The main differences between frontend and backend development are as follows:

Deals with the user interface and client-side programming.Handles server-side programming and data management.
Focuses on designing and developing the visual elements of an application.Focuses on the behind-the-scenes functionality of an application.
Uses HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to build the client-side of an application.Involves writing code that runs on the server and interacts with databases.
Ensures the user interface is responsive and works well on different devicesHandles data storage, retrieval, and manipulation
Emphasizes user experience, performance optimization, and responsive design.Implements business logic, complex operations, and workflows.
Responsible for handling user interactions and creating an engaging experience.Develops APIs that allow different systems to communicate and exchange data.

Advantages and Disadvantages Of  Full Stack

After discussing what is a full stack developer the next thing is know the pros and cons of full stack. Some of the advantages and disadvantages of full stack are as follows:


  • Full stack developers can independently handle different parts of a project, reducing dependencies and accelerating the development process. 
  • Easy to create a prototype.
  • A full stack developer can swap between front end and back end depending on the need of the project.
  • Project cost can be reduced as full stack developers can handle multiple responsibilities without the need for additional specialized resources


  • Full stack developers may lack deep expertise in specific areas. Their broad skill set might not match the level of specialization that dedicated frontend or backend developers possess.
  • Being responsible for multiple tasks of development can be overwhelming. This can cause increased stress and potentially compromise the quality of work. 
  • Full stack developers require a lot of time to manage and master all aspects of development.


This article summarizes what is a full stack developer and what skill sets are required. A full stack developer is an incredibly versatile individual with a vast array of skills and expertise spanning both frontend and backend development domains.

They possess the ability to handle multiple facets of a project, encompassing the creation of a robust internal structure as well as the design of engaging and interactive user interfaces. 

Such professionals are adept at blending their technical prowess with creative problem-solving, resulting in the seamless execution of comprehensive and dynamic web applications. So, get ready to discover how these tech wizards seamlessly blend frontend and backend magic to bring incredible web experiences to life.

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